What is Epidural Delivery?


In some births, the pain is lower, while in some births it cannot be tolerated. No matter how painful, labor pains cause unnecessary physical pain and stress. The epidural injection was developed to prevent pain.

So what is epidural delivery? Is epidural anesthesia harmful? Or is it a method that makes birth easier? We wrote for you.

What is Epidural Delivery?

Epidural anesthesia does not cause labor pains, but pressure in the abdomen or pressure sensation in the groin may be occured. Epidural anesthesia is the most comfortable form of normal birth if done correctly. In order for epidural anesthesia to be performed, the cervix must have a 4 cm opening. After that, epidural anesthesia is applied and the rest of the birth is completed without pain.
Epidural anesthesia may be given in cesarean delivery, too. Epidural anesthesia is given instead of general anesthesia and a painless delivery is provided. The mother who has an epidural delivery feels pressure during delivery but does not feel pain. Unlike general anesthesia, the expectant mother sees and hears everything during childbirth.

How is Epidural Normal Delivery Made?

Anesthesiologist determines the place where anesthesia will be performed by laying the mother to the side. First, a needle is made to numb the skin. This needle is for relieving pain when epidural anesthesia is performed. Then, a needle is placed in the designated area with a catheter and given medication.
It is very important for the catheter not to move, it is fixed on the mother’s back. The drug is then given at regular intervals. In normal delivery, 15 minutes after the drug is administered, the mother feels contractions, but she feels no pain. In case of prolonged birth or need, additional dose may be given.

What are the Advantages of Epidural Anesthesia?

  • Normal delivery with epidural accelerates the delivery painlessly when done at the right dose.
  • It is easier to open the uterus because it provides psychological relief.
  • After epidural anesthesia, there are no problems such as inability to walk, gas withdrawal.
  • The birth is painless, and it helps the expectant mother to prefer to normal birth.
  • Epidural anesthesia can be performed in cesarean deliveries or normal birth. If applied by experienced physicians, there is little chance of complications.

What are the Risks of Epidural Normal Delivery?

  • There may be some urinary problems.
  • Patients who are overweight may be more difficult to perform anesthesia from the waist.
  • Epidural anesthesia, may cause headache for several days.
  • After epidural anesthesia, side effects such as nausea, blood pressure drop, and chills may occur.
  • A blind spot called epidural may not be found in 1-2% and the procedure may fail. In this case, pain is felt and doctor may pass to general anesthesia. So, delivery is performed.
  • By evaluating these possibilities, epidural delivery should be decided together with the doctor before delivery.